HVG Germany: Hopfen

Spalt Production Region

The Franconian region around the town of Spalt is the German hop-growing region exceedingly rich in tradition. As early as the Middle Ages the Spalt hops enjoyed an outstanding reputation. At the middle of the 15th century a flourishing hop trade started up and in 1538 the town of Spalt was awarded the first hop seal in the world to protect its hops which at that time were already sought-after all over Europe. Until the beginning of the 20th century Spalt together with the other Franconican hop-growing regions was at the top of the German hop production. Nowadays Spalt with a structure of small farms is the second smallest hop region in Germany, but has been able to maintain its world status; as it enjoys low rainfall, many hours of sunshine and very deep rich soils the best quality aroma and high-aroma varieties are produced here in controlled, integrated production.

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acreage in ha 388 384 387 387 376 366

Total crop in tons 504 588 642 610 641 543

Average yield in tons/ha 1,30 1,53 1,66 1,58 1,70 1,76

Proportion of total German crop in % 1,77 1,83 1,62 1,95 1,87 1,69



Total crop in tons
Principal varieties 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Spalter 96 106 116 92 121 97

Hallertauer 134 144 149 118 125 95

Spalter Select 165 221 218 219 194 224

Source: EU reports, HVG, Mehop

Acreage in ha
Principal varieties 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Spalter 87 91 90 81 91


Hallertauer 108 113 106 85 80


Spalter Select 110 113 106 103 104


Source: EU reports, HVG, Mehop