HVG Germany: Hopfen

Elbe-Saale Production Region

Up until 1980 the Elbe-Saale production region in Central Germany belonged to the German Democratic Republic; it embraces more than 50 hop-growing places in today's Federal German states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia established around the two rivers the Elbe and the Saale. Here hop production has a long tradition going back to the 11th century and was of great significance particularly in the Middle Ages. In the 17th century when the German hop production shifted southwards considerable setbacks followed. There was a new beginning in the 1950s; at the time when Germany was reunited 2,300 hectares were already under hops in the Elbe-Saale production region. Big farming cooperatives (around 40 farms) are characteristic of this production region. Wide-scale new investments, improved production methods and the transition to marketable bitter hops, especially high-alpha varieties, were typical for the further development of this production region.

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2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acreage in ha 1 284 1 321 1 383 1 375 1 379 1 390

Total crop in tons 2 251 2 698 2 830 2 663 2 631 2 882

Average yield in tons/h 1,75 2,04 2,05 1,94 1,91 2,07

Proportion of total German crop in % 7,90 8,39 7,13 8,50 7,69 7,56

 

Acreage in ha
Principal varieties 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Hallertauer Magnum 831 827 842 844 854 866
Herkules 13 84 133 134 136 134

 

Perle 128 132 147 150 152 153

Source: EU reports, HVG, Mehop

Crop in tons
Principal varieties 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Hallertauer Magnum 1 639 1 831 1 895 1 550 1 687 1 746

Herkules 8 89 244 406 291 398

Perle 182 252 245 288 268 315

Source: EU reports, HVG, Mehop